Level –II Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) specializes in the care of sick and premature newborn infants. The unit is managed by a committed team of newborn physicians, trained nursery staff and technicians who treat sick newborn babies with the help of sophisticated medical equipments and hitec gadgets.
When newborn babies fall ill, they require specialized care, with equipments and drugs in ways much different from the way adults are treated. Not only are minute doses of medicines required, When babies are born in much advance of the date on which they were due, they are all the more smaller, demanding more care, and more prone to infection.
The neonatal team continuously supervises the various parameters including the baby's vital signs like heart rate, respiratory rate, blood pressure, oxygen saturation, and how hard the baby is working to breathe, using an array of monitoring equipments like multi Para monitors, pulse-oxymeters, ECG monitors, NIBP ( Non Invasive Blood Pressure Monitoring).
Micro processor based perfusers allows precise control of fluids and drugs being administered to babies. Cold Light source is used for accessing the tiny arteries and veins of the babies. For imaging, we use the Radio Imaging equipments.
The ICU is equipped with the latest equipment to measure and treat jaundice in newborn babies. Double surface phototherapy,Biliblankets and LED phototherapy are the most advanced gadgets anywhere in the world and all these are available in our NICU. In a rare case when bilirubin in blood reaches threatening levels; whole blood needs to be replaced by healthy blood, in a procedure called Exchange Transfusion is required.
The NICU at Children’s Hospital, Panchkula is a 15 bedded intensive unit. We take care of the smallest babies weighing 700- 800 grams born very early in life and given them the love and nurturing they require to survive in this world. We are present at the births of high risk babies born in maternity homes and can transport them in a specially-designed transport incubator by a specialist to the NICU at Children's Hospital Panchkula if they require special care. We have state-of-the-art technology to keep your babies in the best health possible including:
- Ventilators (Avea, Siemiens, Inspiron, Vela)
- Ventilator with Clieo (Avea)
- CPAP and Sipap
- LED phototherapy
- Multipara Monitors and Apnea monitors
- Facilities for total Parental Nutrition
- Facilities for Blood Exchange
- Facilities for Central line Insertion
- Facilities for Neonatal Surgeries
- In House Cardiac 2D Echo and USG Monitoring
- 24 hour consultant level Neonatologists
- Breastfeeding Specialists
The unit is built keeping in mind the latest technology with attention to providing facilities like Hepafilters, Central oxygen / Air / Suction.
We provide round the clock services of Qualified Pediatricians specially trained in Neonatal Resuscitation to attend the deliveries including LSCS as well as transfer of sick newborns requiring NICU Care
FOLLOW-UP OF HIGH RISK NEONATES:
Certain neonates who are discharged from the NICU have certain high risk factors for which they should be monitored at a regular basis as they are at risk of growth and developmental delays. These babies need to be followed up closely so that any problems may be detected and treated at an earlier stage. These high risk factors include:
- Gestation 32 weeks or less
- Birth-weight 1500 gm or less
- Severe IUGR (Birth-weight less than 3rd centile for gestation)
- Artificial ventilation for >5 days
- Seizures in neonatal period
- Intraventricular hemorrhage grade 3 or more
- Neonatal encephalopathy
- Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy stage 2 or 3
- Jaundice requiring exchange transfusion
- Developmental malformation of central nervous system
- Neonatal meningitis
- Recurrent or refractory hypoglycemia in neonatal period
- Stormy neonatal course with neonatologist's concern regarding baby's growth and development
Children’s Hospital, Chandigarh has a weekly growth and development clinic for all high risk neonates every Wednesday between 11 noon and 2 pm. The baby is examined by a neonatologist and pediatric physiotherapist. Baby is assessed for age appropriate milestones and his/her growth is checked and plotted on a growth chart. At the end, parents are advised about baby's progress, areas where special attention is needed, baby's diet and further follow-up.